Raffigura il famoso episodio narrato nell'Eneide che vede il sacerdote troiano Laocoonte ed i suoi figli assaliti da serpenti marini.  Pliny states that it was located in the palace of the emperor Titus, and it is possible that it remained in the same place until 1506 (see "Findspot" section below). Hotel Laocoonte in Rom jetzt günstig buchen ☀ bei Ab-in-den-Urlaub.de Pallade Atena, che parteggiava per i Greci, punì Laocoonte mandando Porcete e Caribea, due enormi serpenti marini, che uscendo dal mare avvinghiarono i suoi due figli, Antifate e Tymbreus stritolandoli.  He invited contrast between the "meagre lines and contemptible tortures of the Laocoon" and the "awfulness and quietness" of Michelangelo, saying "the slaughter of the Dardan priest" was "entirely wanting" in sublimity. Laocoonte era un personaggio della mitologia greca, abitante di Troia, figlio di Antenore.  The winner, in the outstretched position, was used in copies but not attached to the original group, which remained as it was until 1532, when Giovanni Antonio Montorsoli, a pupil of Michelangelo, added his even more straight version of Laocoön's outstretched arm, which remained in place until modern times. Es conserva a la National Gallery of Art a Washington D.C.. Anàlisi. , In Virgil, Laocoön was a priest of Poseidon who was killed with both his sons after attempting to expose the ruse of the Trojan Horse by striking it with a spear. Λαοκόων) Mitico sacerdote troiano, figlio di Antenore, addetto al culto di Apollo Timbreo, marito di Antiope con la quale si unì davanti alla statua del dio, attirandosi così la sua collera. The fixing of the snake's head in the side of the principal figure is as false to nature, as it is poor in composition of line. , The discovery of the Laocoön made a great impression on Italian artists and continued to influence Italian art into the Baroque period.  The phrase translated above as "in concert" (de consilii sententia) is regarded by some as referring to their commission rather than the artists' method of working, giving in Nigel Spivey's translation: " [the artists] at the behest of council designed a group...", which Spivey takes to mean that the commission was by Titus, possibly even advised by Pliny among other savants. This group was made in concert by three most eminent artists, Agesander, Polydorus, and Athenodorus, natives of Rhodes. "Volpe and Parisi": Digital Sculpture Project: Laocoon. He also asserts that it was carved from a single piece of marble, though the Vatican work comprises at least seven interlocking pieces. Laocoonte nel Palazzo dei Grandi Maestri. The house appears on a map of 1748, and still survives as a substantial building of three storeys, as of 2014[update] in the courtyard of a convent. Stewart, Andrew W. (1996), "Hagesander, Athanodorus and Polydorus", in Hornblower, Simon, Oxford Classical Dictionary, Oxford: Oxford University Press. The Vatican is 1.6 miles from B&B Laocoonte, while St. Peter's Basilica is 1.6 miles away.  It is on display in the Museo Pio-Clementino, a part of the Vatican Museums. See also "Chronology" at 1959. , The style of the work is agreed to be that of the Hellenistic "Pergamene baroque" which arose in Greek Asia Minor around 200 BC, and whose best known undoubtedly original work is the Pergamon Altar, dated c. 180–160 BC, and now in Berlin. The second document, from 1527, makes it clear that there is now a house on the property, and clarifies the location; by then De Fredis was dead and his widow rented out the house. Secondo un'altra versione i due serpenti furono inviati da Poseidone, che punì Laocoonte per essersi sposato contro la volontà divina. According to Seymour Howard, both the Vatican group and the Sperlonga sculptures "show a similar taste for open and flexible pictorial organization that called for pyrotechnic piercing and lent itself to changes at the site, and in new situations". Instead, they had to express suffering while retaining beauty. , Johann Goethe said the following in his essay, Upon the Laocoon "A true work of art, like a work of nature, never ceases to open boundlessly before the mind. Research published in 2010 has recovered two documents in the municipal archives (badly indexed, and so missed by earlier researchers), which have established a much more precise location for the find: slightly to the east of the southern end of the Sette Sale, the ruined cistern for the successive imperial baths at the base of the hill by the Colosseum. Na mitoloxía grega Laocoonte (ou Laoconte; en grego Λαοκόων Laokóōn) era o sacerdote de Apolo Timbreo en Troia, casado con Antiopa e pai de dous fillos. The statue of Laocoön and His Sons, also called the Laocoön Group (Italian: Gruppo del Laocoonte), has been one of the most famous ancient sculptures ever since it was excavated in Rome in 1506 and placed on public display in the Vatican, where it remains. By August the group was placed for public viewing in a niche in the wall of the brand new Belvedere Garden at the Vatican, now part of the Vatican Museums, which regard this as the start of their history. Some scholars used to think that honorific inscriptions found at Lindos in Rhodes dated Agesander and Athenodoros, recorded as priests, to a period after 42 BC, making the years 42 to 20 BC the most likely date for the Laocoön group's creation. I joined up with my father and off we went. The central figure of Laocoön served as loose inspiration for the Indian in Horatio Greenough's The Rescue (1837–1850) which stood before the east facade of the United States Capitol for over 100 years.. Segundo o relato de Virxilio na Eneida , despois de que os cercadores aqueos simulasen unha retirada, os troianos atoparon un cabalo construído de madeira nas portas de Ilión.  Others see it as probably an original work of the later period, continuing to use the Pergamene style of some two centuries earlier. It is speculated that De Fredis began building the house soon after his purchase, and as the group was reported to have been found some four metres below ground, at a depth unlikely to be reached by normal vineyard-digging operations, it seems likely that it was discovered when digging the foundations for the house, or possibly a well for it. I Troiani, felici par u priculu scampatu, trascinàni u cavaddu à l'internu di i mura, nonustanti Laocoonte è a prufitessa Cassandra avissini cunsiddatu d'ùn fà lu micca. It was on display when the new Musée Central des Arts, later the Musée Napoléon, opened at the Louvre in November 1800. Laocoonte cercò di accorrere in loro aiuto ma subì la stessa sorte. The group was rapidly depicted in prints as well as small models, and became known all over Europe. The two sons are rather small in scale compared to their father, but this adds to the impact of the central figure. Die Laokoon-Gruppe in den Vatikanischen Museen ist die bedeutendste Darstellung des Todeskampfs Laokoons und seiner Söhne in der bildenden Kunst. In 1940 Clement Greenberg adapted the concept for his own essay entitled Towards a Newer Laocoön in which he argued that abstract art now provided an ideal for artists to measure their work against. The most famous account of these is now in Virgil's Aeneid (see the Aeneid quotation at the entry Laocoön), but this dates from between 29 and 19 BC, which is possibly later than the sculpture. Laocoonte (Λαοκόων ) era, según la mitología griega, un sacerdote troyano de Apolo o de Poseidon. I climbed down to where the statues were when immediately my father said, "That is the Laocoön, which Pliny mentions". After Napoleon's final defeat at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 most (but certainly not all) the artworks plundered by the French were returned, and the Laocoön reached Rome in January 1816. «Aut haec in nostros fabricata est machina murosInspectura domos venturaque desuper urbi,Aut aliquis latet error: equo ne credite, Teucri.Quidquid id est, timeo Danaos et dona ferentes.», «Questa è macchina contro le nostre mura innalzata,e spierà le case, e sulla città graverà:un inganno v'è certo. But over time, knowledge of the site's precise location was lost, beyond "vague" statements such as Sangallo's "near Santa Maria Maggiore" (see above) or it being "near the site of the Domus Aurea" (the palace of the Emperor Nero); in modern terms near the Colosseum. Pliny's description of Laocoön as "a work to be preferred to all that the arts of painting and sculpture have produced" has led to a tradition which debates this claim that the sculpture is the greatest of all artworks. Era una de las casi cien piezas que Carlos IV adquirió al conde de Paroy, que las había acumulado procedentes de compras en ciudades italianas o como consecuencia de la dispersión de buena parte de la colección real francesa tras la caída de la monarquía de Luis XVI y María Antonieta.  It has also been suggested that this woodcut was one of a number of Renaissance images that were made to reflect contemporary doubts as to the authenticity of the Laocoön Group, the 'aping' of the statue referring to the incorrect pose of the Trojan priest who was depicted in ancient art in the traditional sacrificial pose, with his leg raised to subdue the bull. Laocoonte (gr. "Chronology": Frischer, Bernard, Digital Sculpture Project: Laocoon. , In 1906 Ludwig Pollak, archaeologist, art dealer and director of the Museo Barracco, discovered a fragment of a marble arm in a builder's yard in Rome, close to where the group was found. In style it is considered "one of the finest examples of the Hellenistic baroque" and certainly in the Greek tradition, but it is not known whether it is an original work or a copy of an earlier sculpture, probably in bronze, or made for a Greek or Roman commission. , Laocoön by William Blake, with the texts transcribed, Ancient sculpture excavated in Rome in 1506 and displayed in the Vatican, Clark, 219–221 was an early proponent of this view; see also Barkan, caption opp. In 1910 the critic Irving Babbit used the title The New Laokoon: An Essay on the Confusion of the Arts for an essay on contemporary culture at the beginning of the 20th century. , According to Vasari, in about 1510 Bramante, the Pope's architect, held an informal contest among sculptors to make replacement right arms, which was judged by Raphael, and won by Jacopo Sansovino. : Il catalogo, con splendide foto di Giovanni Ricci Novara, è edito dall'Erma di Bretschneider: > Laocoonte. EL LAOCOONTE… El Laocoonte es uno de los conjuntos escultóricos más impresionantes de toda la Historia del Arte universal. ĵaŭdo, 11 Junio 2020 Thursday, 11 June 2020 Antonio De Salvo. John Ruskin disliked the sculpture and compared its "disgusting convulsions" unfavourably with work by Michelangelo, whose fresco of The Brazen Serpent, on a corner pendentive of the Sistine Chapel, also involves figures struggling with snakes – the fiery serpents of the Book of Numbers. Puso una lanza en el vientre del caballo y sonó de metal, de lo que nadie se dió cuenta. Blake presents the sculpture as a mediocre copy of a lost Israelite original, describing it as "Jehovah & his two Sons Satan & Adam as they were copied from the Cherubim Of Solomons Temple by three Rhodians & applied to Natural Fact or History of Ilium". Providing accommodation with free WiFi, air conditioning and TV, B&B Laocoonte is located 1.2 miles from Vatican Museums and 1.2 miles from St Peter's Square.  Furthermore, he attacked the composition on naturalistic grounds, contrasting the carefully studied human anatomy of the restored figures with the unconvincing portrayal of the snakes:. The figures are near life-size and the group is a little over 2 m in … bei einem Ausbruch des Vesuv verschütteten Stadt Pompeji.  It is now very often thought that the three Rhodians were copyists, perhaps of a bronze sculpture from Pergamon, created around 200 BC. LAOCOONTE (Λαοκόων, Laocŏon). Michelangelo was called to the site of the unearthing of the statue immediately after its discovery, along with the Florentine architect Giuliano da Sangallo and his eleven-year-old son Francesco da Sangallo, later a sculptor, who wrote an account over sixty years later:. Noting a stylistic similarity to the Laocoön group he presented it to the Vatican Museums: it remained in their storerooms for half a century.  Pietro Aretino thought so, praising the group in 1537: ...the two serpents, in attacking the three figures, produce the most striking semblances of fear, suffering and death. Laocoonte (in greco antico: Λαοκόων, Laokóōn; in latino: Laocoon ), personaggio della mitologia greca, era un abitante di Troia, figlio di Antenore (o di Capi, secondo altre versioni ). The Florentine sculptor Baccio Bandinelli was commissioned to make a copy by the Medici Pope Leo X. Bandinelli's version, which was often copied and distributed in small bronzes, is in the Uffizi Gallery, Florence, the Pope having decided it was too good to send to François I of France as originally intended. The youth embraced in the coils is fearful; the old man struck by the fangs is in torment; the child who has received the poison, dies.  This reflects Blake's theory that the imitation of ancient Greek and Roman art was destructive to the creative imagination, and that Classical sculpture represented a banal naturalism in contrast to Judeo-Christian spiritual art. Then they dug the hole wider so that they could pull the statue out. , The findspot was inside and very close to the Servian Wall, which was still maintained in the 1st century AD (possibly converted to an aqueduct), though no longer the city boundary, as building had spread well beyond it.  An inscribed plaque of 1529 in the church of Santa Maria in Aracoeli records the burial of De Fredis and his son there, covering his finding of the group but giving no occupation. Where. Englische Übersetzung von "Laocoonte" | Der offizielle Collins Italienisch-Englisch Wörterbuch online. Boardman, 199 says "about 200 BC"; Spivey, 26, 36, feels it may have been commissioned by Titus. On connaît la caricature attribuée à Titien qui représente le Laocoon sous l’aspect de trois singes. : Michelangelo and the Laocoön Group. According to Paolo Liverani: "Remarkably, despite the lack of a critical section, the join between the torso and the arm was guaranteed by a drill hole on one piece which aligned perfectly with a corresponding hole on the other. The names may have recurred across generations, a Rhodian habit, within the context of a family workshop (which might well have included the adoption of promising young sculptors). Hãy xem qua thư viện ảnh, đọc nhận xét từ khách hàng thực tế và đặt phòng ngay cùng chương trình Đảm bảo giá của chúng tôi. En la guerra troyana Laocoonte avisó a los habitantes de Troya de que no dejen entrar al caballo de madera en la ciudad. An Italian breakfast is available daily at the bed and breakfast.  The restored portions of the children's arms and hands were removed. The story of Laocoön, a Trojan priest, came from the Greek Epic Cycle on the Trojan Wars, though it is not mentioned by Homer. The most unusual intervention in the debate, William Blake's annotated print Laocoön, surrounds the image with graffiti-like commentary in several languages, written in multiple directions. Questa pagina è stata modificata per l'ultima volta il 20 nov 2020 alle 15:23. He argues that the artists could not realistically depict the physical suffering of the victims, as this would be too painful.  The more open, planographic composition along a plane, used in the restoration of the Laocoön group, has been interpreted as "apparently the result of serial reworkings by Roman Imperial as well as Renaissance and modern craftsmen". Several of the ignudi and the figure of Haman in the Sistine Chapel ceiling draw on the figures. Warden, P. Gregory, "The Domus Aurea Reconsidered", This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 11:55.  The extent of the grounds of Nero's Domus Aurea is now unclear, but they do not appear to have extended so far north or east, though the newly rediscovered findspot-location is not very far beyond them. ", Volpe and Parisi; Beard, 211 complains of vagueness, Volpe and Parisi; the text probably reflects tidying by, Warden, 275, approximate map of the grounds is fig. Laocoonte e la fondazione di Roma (La cultura) | | ISBN: 9788804317197 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Cette estampe raille la vénération exagérée pour l’Antique et résume ainsi depuis longtemps, aux yeux des historiens et des théoriciens, l’un des aspects de l’opposition traditionnelle entre Venise et Rome.  Though broadly similar in style, many aspects of the execution of the two groups are drastically different, with the Laocoon group of much higher quality and finish.. The influence of the Laocoön, as well as the Belvedere Torso, is evidenced in many of Michelangelo's later sculptures, such as the Rebellious Slave and the Dying Slave, created for the tomb of Pope Julius II. 361, Dizionario di mitologia classica, Pag. Some plaster sections by François Girardon, over 150 years old, were used instead. Die Casa di Laocoonte („Haus des Laokoon“) ist ein Haus in der im Jahr 79 n. Chr. Il Papa comandò a un palafreniere: va, e dì a Giuliano da Sang… Nell'Eneide si narra che, quando i greci portarono nella città il celebre cavallo di Troia, egli corse verso di esso scagliandogli contro una lancia che ne fece risonare il ventre pieno; proferì quindi la celebre frase Timeo Danaos et dona ferentes («Temo i greci, anche quando portano doni»). : Il pagano Laocoonte è parte essenziale di questa visione di Chiesa.  The suffering is shown through the contorted expressions of the faces (Charles Darwin pointed out that Laocoön's bulging eyebrows are physiologically impossible), which are matched by the struggling bodies, especially that of Laocoön himself, with every part of his body straining. Ristorante Laocoonte, Sperlonga: 315 Bewertungen - bei Tripadvisor auf Platz 26 von 77 von 77 Sperlonga Restaurants; mit 4/5 von Reisenden bewertet. The fine white marble used is often thought to be Greek, but has not been identified by analysis. Il gruppo scultoreo del Laocoonte e i suoi figli, noto anche semplicemente come Gruppo del Laocoonte, è una scultura in marmo (h 242 cm) conservata nel Museo Pio-Clementino dei Musei Vaticani, nella Città del Vaticano. És una de les poques obres mitològiques d'El Greco, qui era eminentment un pintor religiós. Howard 417–418 and figure 1 has the fullest account used of the complicated situation here; with the damages and after the various restorations he lists 14 parts (417, note 4) when the group was last dismantled. A 2007 exhibition at the Henry Moore Institute in turn copied this title while exhibiting work by modern artists influenced by the sculpture. XXXVI, 37, a cura del Centro studi classicA, "La Rivista di Engramma" n. 50. luglio/settembre 2006, Scheda cronologica dei restauri del Laocoonte, a cura di Marco Gazzola, "La Rivista di Engramma" n. 50, luglio/settembre 2006, Boncompagni Ludovisi Decorative Art Museum, Museo Storico Nazionale dell'Arte Sanitaria, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Laocoön_and_His_Sons&oldid=993590860, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox artwork with the material parameter, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 208 cm × 163 cm × 112 cm (6 ft 10 in × 5 ft 4 in × 3 ft 8 in). A large serpent never wants to bite, it wants to hold, it seizes therefore always where it can hold best, by the extremities, or throat, it seizes once and forever, and that before it coils, following up the seizure with the twist of its body round the victim, as invisibly swift as the twist of a whip lash round any hard object it may strike, and then it holds fast, never moving the jaws or the body, if its prey has any power of struggling left, it throws round another coil, without quitting the hold with the jaws; if Laocoön had had to do with real serpents, instead of pieces of tape with heads to them, he would have been held still, and not allowed to throw his arms or legs about.  In other versions he was killed for having had sex with his wife in the temple of Poseidon, or simply making a sacrifice in the temple with his wife present. Various dates have been suggested for the statue, ranging from about 200 BC to the 70s AD, though "a Julio-Claudian date [between 27 BC and 68 AD] ... is now preferred".. Spivey, 26; see also Isager, 173, who translates it "by decision of the [imperial] council". A competition was announced for new parts to complete the composition, but there were no entries. We examine, – we are impressed with it, – it produces its effect; but it can never be all comprehended, still less can its essence, its value, be expressed in words.. It is very likely the same statue praised in the highest terms by the main Roman writer on art, Pliny the Elder. B&B Laocoonte được khách của chúng tôi đánh giá là "Tuyệt vời". Since Michelangelo Buonarroti was always to be found at our house, my father having summoned him and having assigned him the commission of the pope’s tomb, my father wanted him to come along, too. The spot was within the Gardens of Maecenas, founded by Gaius Maecenas the ally of Augustus and patron of the arts. Barkan, 13–16; H. W. Janson, "Titian's Laocoon Caricature and the Vesalian-Galenist Controversy", Jelbert, Rebecca: "Aping the Masters? , In July 1798 the statue was taken to France in the wake of the French conquest of Italy, though the replacement parts were left in Rome.  A woodcut, probably after a drawing by Titian, parodied the sculpture by portraying three apes instead of humans. English Translation of “Laocoonte” | The official Collins Italian-English Dictionary online. - Secondo la tradizione più antica doveva essere sacerdote di Apollo, secondo la più recente sacerdote di Nettuno o nominato a far le veci del vero e proprio sacerdote di Nettuno, ucciso dai Troiani dopo l'arrivo dei Greci, che egli non era stato capace d'impedire mediante i suoi sacrifizî. The serpents killed only the two sons, leaving Laocoön himself alive to suffer. ", In the 1980s the statue was dismantled and reassembled, again with the Pollak arm incorporated.  The figures are near life-size and the group is a little over 2 m (6 ft 7 in) in height, showing the Trojan priest Laocoön and his sons Antiphantes and Thymbraeus being attacked by sea serpents. , It is generally accepted that this is the same work as is now in the Vatican.  The age of the altar used as a seat by Laocoön remains uncertain. The statue of Laocoön and His Sons, also called the Laocoön Group, has been one of the most famous ancient sculptures ever since it was excavated in Rome in 1506 and placed on public display in the Vatican, where it remains. The first time I was in Rome when I was very young, the pope was told about the discovery of some very beautiful statues in a vineyard near Santa Maria Maggiore. Über 100.000 Englische Übersetzungen von Italienische Wörtern und Ausdrücken However, some scholars see the group as a depiction of the scene as described by Virgil.  The whole question remains the subject of academic debate. Ci sono modelli di tifoso perfettamente sovrapponibili ai romanisti, ai napoletani o a chissà chi e altri che sono completamente atipici, c'è chi non sopporta le critiche alla squadra e chi sparerebbe a zero su Maradona che col destro è meno forte che col sinistro. Deutsch-Italienisch-Übersetzungen für Laocoonte im Online-Wörterbuch dict.cc (Italienischwörterbuch). The pope ordered one of his officers to run and tell Giuliano da Sangallo to go and see them. It has often been interpreted as a satire on the clumsiness of Bandinelli's copy, or as a commentary on debates of the time around the similarities between human and ape anatomy. Howard, throughout; "Chronology", and several discussions in the other sources, Stewart, 85, this last in the commentary on Virgil of, The Greeks were familiar with constricting snakes, and the small boa, Boardman, 164–166, 197–199; Clark, 216–219; Cook, 153, As Beard, 210, a sceptic, complains; see "Chronology" at January 1506 for dissidents. See figures in Howard for photos and diagram of the dis-assembled pieces, Howard, 422 and 417 quoted in turn. Julius acquired the group on March 23, giving De Fredis a job as a scribe as well as the customs revenues from one of the gates of Rome. Laŭ Eratosteno de Cireno (Eratosthénēs ho Kyrēnâios, Ἐρατοσθένης ὁ Κυρηναῖος, 276-194 a. K.), datiĝas de la 11-a de junio 1184 a. K. la brulego kaj la detruo de Trojo.  Artists and connoisseurs debated how the missing parts should be interpreted. Michelangelo suggested that the missing right arms were originally bent back over the shoulder. As soon as it was visible everyone started to draw (or "started to have lunch"), all the while discoursing on ancient things, chatting as well about the ones in Florence. The two versions have rather different morals: Laocoön was either punished for doing wrong, or for being right..  The most influential contribution to the debate, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing's essay Laocoon: An Essay on the Limits of Painting and Poetry, examines the differences between visual and literary art by comparing the sculpture with Virgil's verse. It is sculptured from a single block, both the main figure as well as the children, and the serpents with their marvellous folds. , Pliny attributes the work, then in the palace of Emperor Titus, to three Greek sculptors from the island of Rhodes: Agesander, Athenodoros and Polydorus, but does not give a date or patron. Many still show the arm in the outstretched position, but the copy in Rhodes has been corrected. The area remained mainly agricultural until the 19th century, but is now entirely built up. Era un veggente e gran sacerdote di Poseidone, o, secondo alcune fonti, di Apollo.  It is noteworthy that Pliny does not address this issue explicitly, in a way that suggests "he regards it as an original". The view that it is an original work of the 2nd century BC now has few if any supporters, although many still see it as a copy of such a work made in the early Imperial period, probably of a bronze original. The snakes are depicted as both biting and constricting, and are probably intended as venomous, as in Virgil. See Beard, 210, who is highly sceptical of the identification, noting that ‘the new arm does not directly join with the father's broken shoulder (a wedge of plaster has had to be inserted); it appears to be on a smaller scale and in a slightly differently coloured marble’. 24-nov-2017 - L'entusiasmo della scoperta Il 14 gennaio 1506 un eccezionale ritrovamento fece eco su tutta Roma. He bequeathed the gardens to Augustus in 8 BC, and Tiberius lived there after he returned to Rome as heir to Augustus in 2 AD. Ci fu chi propose che il gran destriero fosse portato dentro le mura della città, su fino alla rocca; chi invece, fra i capi, fu còlto dal sospetto che in quel simulacro si nascondesse un'insidia e che quindi, per quanto sacro, lo si gettasse in mare o gli si desse fuoco o addirittura lo si sventrasse. Laocoonte (in greco antico: Λαοκόων, Laokóōn; in latino: Laocoon), personaggio della mitologia greca, era un abitante di Troia, figlio di Antenore (o di Capi, secondo altre versioni).